Updated: Oct 21
Most of the bonsai trees must be outdoors in the effort to mimic their natural conditions, will be different recommended conditions for different species and sizes.
Tropical and Mediterranean species typically require consistent temperatures.
Only in specific controlled conditions and during dormancy, will be safe to bring a bonsai indoors, and always will be need special attention to cold temperatures, reduced watering, and lighting to keep the plant dormant.
The art of bonsai replicates natural landscapes on a reduced scale.
The reduce size and shallow potting expose the roots and bark way more than a normal tree.
remember and understanding this fact will help to take care of the bonsai tree and a more organic and efficient way.
This art has origins in China around 700 AD with shallow trays, then taken to Japan where the new version of the Hachi bowl appears and finally spread to the West in the late 19th century.
Growing and sculpting bonsai trees it’s a satisfying hobby that keeps the artist connected to nature although requires patience.
SOIL AND FERTILIZATION
Usually a loose, fast-draining mix, often coarse sand or gravel, fired clay pellets, or expanded shale combined with an organic component such as peat or bark.
The size of the bonsai will be managed through the soil volume, to increase vigor and growth when new branches when planning for styling.
Fertilize often and in small amounts.
Since the soil mixture is loose and it's meant to drains rapidly, water is applied frequently.
Bonsai roots are exposed, so any variation in temperature will have more impact.
For native species, local temperatures do not generally harm the tree. Insulating the tree from local winter conditions pots can be partially buried in the ground and can be covered with an insulating layer of mulch or greenhouse,
Most bonsai needs direct sunlight during the growing season to thrive, like any regular tree in general, although will vary depending the specie.
Bonsai are repotted and root-pruned when needed but always depending on the vigor and age of each tree.
For deciduous trees, this is done generally around springtime when the tree is leaving its dormancy. Bonsai are often repotted while in development, and less often as they mature.
Pests are going to be specific to the species, include insects both above and in the soil, and infections, usually fungal.
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